July 18, 2024

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What Is a Family Nurse Practioner?

What Is a Family Nurse Practioner?

Nurses play a vital role in our healthcare system. They provide care and support to patients of all ages, from newborns to the elderly. These medical professionals can have specializations just as doctors can. One growing and needed specialization is the family nurse practitioner.

What Is a Family Nurse Practitioner?

Family nurse practitioners (FNPs) are the type of nurse who provides primary care to patients and their families. This is a registered nurse who has completed advanced education and training in primary care.

FNPs are educated and trained to provide a wide range of services, from health promotion and disease prevention to diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses. They are also trained to provide counseling and support to patients and their families.

Standard Scope of Work

The scope of practice for FNPs varies from state to state, but generally includes:

  1. Ordering, performing, and interpreting diagnostic tests such as lab work and x-rays
  2. Prescribing medications
  3. Treating common illnesses and injuries
  4. Providing routine care, such as physicals and immunizations
  5. Managing chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension
  6. Providing women’s health care, including family planning and prenatal care
  7. Providing counseling and guidance on topics such as quitting smoking programs, diet and exercise, and stress management
  8. Making referrals to specialists when necessary
  9. Collaborating with other healthcare providers

Types of Patients Seen

Family nurse practitioners see patients of all ages. They may work in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, clinics, private practices, and health departments. They may also provide care in schools, nursing homes, and home health agencies.

Some FNPs specialize in caring for certain populations of patients, such as pediatrics, geriatrics, or women’s health.

Education and Certification Requirements

To become a family nurse practitioner, you must first obtain a bachelor’s degree in nursing and become a registered nurse. You will then need to complete a master’s or doctoral degree program in nursing with a specialization in FNP.

Most states also require FNPs to be licensed and certified.


The American Nurses Credentialing Center (ANCC) and the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP) offer certification for FNPs. To be eligible for certification, you must have a valid RN license and have completed an accredited FNP program.

You will also need to pass a national certification exam.


In addition to certification, you will need to obtain a license to practice as an FNP in your state. Each state has its licensure requirements, but most states require FNPs to pass a national certification exam. Some states also require FNPs to complete certain continuing education credits every year.

As the demand for healthcare services grows, so does the need for qualified medical professionals. Family nurse practitioners are a vital part of our healthcare system, providing care and support to patients of all ages.

What Is The Salary and Growth Outlook?

As of 2022, the median annual salary for FNPs was $107,030, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The job outlook for FNPs is positive, with a projected growth rate of 31% between 2012 and 2022. This is much faster than the average for all occupations. The demand for FNPs is expected to grow as more and more people have access to health insurance.

With the Affordable Care Act, more people will have insurance and will need access to primary care providers. The aging population is also a factor in the projected growth of FNPs. As people age, they require more medical care.

Many older adults prefer to see a primary care provider who can provide continuity of care and coordinate their care with other specialists. FNPs are well-positioned to meet the needs of this growing population.

Family Nurse Practitioners Are In Demand

In conclusion, if you are interested in a career in nursing, consider becoming a family nurse practitioner. With the right education and training, you can make a difference in the lives of your patients and their families. Registered nurses can take the next step by completing an online MSN FNP program from home.